What Is the Main Goal of the Paris Climate Agreement

The Paris Climate Agreement is a landmark international agreement adopted in 2015 by 196 countries. Its main goal is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a target of 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The agreement is based on the principles of equity and Common but Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR), recognizing that developed countries have historical and current responsibilities for climate change and should take the lead in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Developing countries, on the other hand, should be supported in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

To achieve the temperature goal, the Paris Agreement sets out a framework for countries to regularly report on their greenhouse gas emissions, undertake efforts to reduce them, and provide financial and other support to help developing countries do the same. Countries are required to submit Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which outline their targets, policies, and measures to reduce emissions.

The Paris Agreement also aims to strengthen the ability of countries to adapt to the impacts of climate change and to mobilize finance to support these efforts. Developed countries committed to providing $100 billion per year in climate finance to developing countries by 2020, with a goal of increasing this amount thereafter.

Although the Paris Agreement is not legally binding, it is a powerful signal of global cooperation and commitment to addressing one of the most pressing challenges of our time. The agreement has been hailed as a historic achievement, but much work remains to be done to turn its goals into reality.

In conclusion, the main goal of the Paris Climate Agreement is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a target of 1.5 degrees Celsius. To achieve this, the agreement sets out a framework for countries to regularly report on their greenhouse gas emissions, undertake efforts to reduce them, and provide financial and other support to help developing countries do the same. The agreement also aims to strengthen the ability of countries to adapt to the impacts of climate change and to mobilize finance to support these efforts.

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