Ramsar Agreement in Hindi

The Ramsar Agreement, also known as the Convention on Wetlands, is an international treaty signed in 1971. It is named after the Iranian city of Ramsar, where it was signed. The Ramsar Agreement aims to promote the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands, recognizing the vital role they play in supporting biodiversity and maintaining ecological processes.

In Hindi, the Ramsar Agreement is known as रामसर समझौता. India is a party to the Ramsar Agreement and has designated 42 wetlands as Ramsar Sites. These include iconic sites such as the Chilika Lake in Odisha, the Loktak Lake in Manipur, and the Keoladeo National Park and Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Rajasthan.

The Ramsar Sites in India cover a total area of over 10 million hectares, providing vital habitats for a range of species, including birds, fish, and mammals. These wetlands also provide a range of services to humans, including water supply, flood control, and recreation.

The Ramsar Agreement recognizes the importance of the traditional and cultural values associated with wetlands. It encourages the involvement of local communities in wetland conservation and management, as well as the integration of cultural and traditional practices into wetland management plans.

India has a rich tradition of wetland conservation, with communities living in and around wetlands practicing traditional management systems that have long been in place. These practices, which include controlled grazing, fishing, hunting, and agriculture, have maintained the ecological integrity and resilience of wetlands in India for centuries.

However, modern development and land-use practices have put pressure on wetlands, causing them to degrade and, in some cases, disappear. The Ramsar Agreement provides a framework for governments and communities to work together to conserve wetlands and ensure their sustainable use.

In conclusion, the Ramsar Agreement is an important international treaty that recognizes the vital role that wetlands play in maintaining ecological processes and supporting biodiversity. In India, the Ramsar Sites provide vital habitats for a range of species and offer a range of services to humans. The Ramsar Agreement encourages the involvement of local communities in wetland conservation and management and recognizes the importance of traditional and cultural values. It is an important tool for ensuring the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands in India and around the world.