Taif Agreement Full Text

The agreement included political reforms, an end to the Lebanese civil war, the establishment of special relations between Lebanon and Syria and a framework for the start of the full Syrian withdrawal from Lebanon. As Rafik Hariri is a former Saudi diplomatic representative, he played an important role in the implementation of the Taif Agreement. [3] It is also claimed that the Taif agreement directed Lebanon towards the Arab world, especially Syria. [5] In other words, the Taif agreement placed Lebanon as a country of “Arab identity and belonging.” [6] The agreement was not concluded and confirmed until after the development of an international alliance against Saddam Hussein. [7] The Alliance included Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Syria, France, Iran and the United States. [7] The agreement provided for the withdrawal of all Syrian troops from the Beqaa Valley for up to two years, but did not provide a timetable for their total withdrawal from the country. This failure allowed the Syrian Arab Army to occupy the Beqaa for the next 15 years and dominate political life during the same period, until it withdrew completely in March 2005, after the Cedar Revolution and UN Resolution 1559. 8. After consultation with the Prime Minister, give the cabinet formation decree. After 17 years of civil war that divided national defence into rival factions, General Emile Lahoud said the army had been completely rebuilt, assembled and disciplined to be “the most effective defence force Lebanon has ever had.” It was reported that “[B]before the civil war, the army`s strength was estimated at 20,000-25,000. Thousands of its troops moved to various sectarian militias when the war began in 1975, and reduced its strength to about 15,000.

Its current strength is about 50,000, and with compulsory military service, it is expected to reach 55,000 to 60,000 next year. 1 The reconstruction and restructuring of the armed forces, among other things, leaves the defence of armed forces capable of protecting their borders. The agreement included several constitutional amendments that came into force after President Hrawi signed in September 1990. With regard to the main changes: on 15 May 1991, Lebanon and Syria agreed on a coordination treaty on foreign and defence policy. The agreement strengthened Syria`s presence in Lebanon and created a military maneuvering situation on Israel`s side. Israel had maintained its military presence and funded a militia group, the Army of Southern Lebanon, to carry out joint military activities.1 The withdrawal of troops did not take place. Since 1995, several proposals have been put to discussion, but there is no clear distinction between central government and decentralized units. “The only area in which decentralisation has been applied is in the municipalities.

The Taif agreement requires even greater decentralization than that of Qadaa (district), but a decentralisation law has not yet been concluded. [fn]”Lebanon: local governance in Complex Environments- Project Assessment,” UNDP, 2010, called april 5, 2011, www.undp.org, called April 5, 2011. [/efn_note] The Taif agreement advocates the model combining aspects of decentralisation at the level of the eight governorates and 25 districts (Qudaa) with administrative decentralization at the local level. The agreement also provided for the disarmament of all national and non-national militias. Hezbollah, as a “resistance force” and not a militia, was allowed to remain armed and fight Israel in the South, a privilege that, according to Swedish academic Magnus Ranstorp, obtained in part by using its influence as the holder of a number of Western hostages. [9] D. Legislative Elections Act: Legislative elections are held under a new law based on the provinces (governorates) and taking into account the rules guaranteeing a common coexistence between the Lebanese and guaranteeing a healthy and effective political representation of all groups and generations of the people.