The commonality between the three types is that the misrepresentation is an innocent mistake that was made without intent to deceive the party. Therefore, the aforementioned section makes free consent the essential condition of the validity and applicability of any contract. Section 13 of the Indian Contract Act defines consent and defines Maxime Consensus ad idem. Consensus ad ditto means meeting minds, that is, agreeing on the same thing in the same direction. For example, Anita Reeta says that after 2 days, she will put the pen on Reeta`s table. But there were two pencils on the table: blue and red. After 2 days, when Anita Reeta gives the blue pen, she contradicts and says that she accepted the red. In this case, there is no meeting of spirits. This article addresses the issue of free consent under the Indian Contract Contract Contract Act for SLAT and other entry fee reviews.
Section 10 of the Indian Treaty of 1872 defines the various essential conditions of a valid contract. For an agreement to become a valid contract, the following conditions must be met: the contract for which the contract is caused by undue influence is, at the choice of the party whose agreement has been obtained, is invalid. Although in this case, the burden of proof rests with the dominant party to show that there was no influence. In accordance with Section 14 of the Indian Contract Act of 1872, consent would be free if it was not caused by Raffles vs. Wichelhaus (1864), two parties A and Part B entered into a contract for the sale of 125 bales of cotton arriving from Bombay by a ship called “Peerless”. There were two ships with the same name and while Party A had one ship in mind, Party B had the other ship in mind. The Tribunal found that the two parties were not ad ditto and that the contract was therefore not concluded. For example, Ankita agrees to sell her house to Ira. Ankita owns three houses and wants to sell the house in Delhi.
Ira thinks she will buy her Mumbai House. There is no consensus between Ankita and Ira. Therefore, there is no agreement and therefore no contract between them. In Solle/Butcher, it was found that both parties had entered into Flat`s lease. Both parties felt that the identity of the apartment had been changed by the fact that the maximum rent of GBP 140 per year had also changed. Subsequently, however, the Tribunal found that there was no change of identity, so there was a mutual error of fact and the contract was cancelled. Illustration: Amit wanted to enter into a contract with Charu, but mistakenly entered into a contract with Charlie who misleads him for Charu. Therefore, any influence that excludes free and deliberate judgment is characterized as unwarranted influence. 4.
The execution of another act of this type with the intention of deceiving. Section 22 specifies that if a person has made an error of fact, the contract is not exempt or invalid and remains a valid contract, unless the error of fact relates to the subject of the contract or the identity of the person associated with it. 1. False presentation or reference to a fact made with knowledge of the lie. Paragraphs 13 and 14 of the Contracts Act define approval or free consent.